Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is dedicated to Lord Sun is celebrated every year on a fixed date of 14 January. It refers to a specific solar day in the Hindu calendar which marks the termination of the Winter season and beginning of the new harvest season. On this auspicious day, the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn also called Makar. Due to the revolution of the earth around the sun, after every 80 years, the day of Sankranti deferred by one day. Therefore, this festival is also known as Uttarayan.

History & Beliefs

Sankranti considered a Goddess. Panchang mythology says that Sankranti killed a demon named Sankarasur. The day next to Makar Sankrant is called Karidin or Kinkrant. On the day, Devi Sankranti slays the demon Sankarasur. Panchang mythology, a Hindu Almanac provides information on the age, form, clothing, direction, and movement of Sankranti.


Makar Sankranti is the date from which the Northward movement of the sun begins. The period from Karka Sankranti to Makar Sankranti is known as the Dakshinayan.

Unknown Traditions

  • Before Makar Sankranti, the sun is in the Southern Hemisphere. For this reason, in India, winter nights are longer, and days are smaller. But with the Makar Sankranti, the sun starts its journey towards Northern Hemisphere and so, days will be longer and nights smaller.
  • On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, people show their gratefulness towards the people of India throughout the year by worshiping the sun God in various forms by noble deeds or donations during this period.
  • Performing the haldi kumkum ceremony in a way that invokes the waves of calm Adi-Shakti in the Universe to get triggered. Performance helps in generating the impression of Sagun worship on the mind of a person & enhances the Spiritual emotion to God.

In different regions of the country, Makar Sankranti is celebrated by different names. In Bengal, there is a tradition of donating til after taking a bath on the occasion. A huge fair is also organized every year in Gangasagar. In Gujarat, the kite festival is organized on the occasion.


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